Christian Wirth

Christian Wirth

Head of the Department "Systematic Botany and Functional Biodiversity"

Tel +49-341-97-38591
Fax +49-341-97-38549
E-mail cwirth*
Room 221


Institut für Spezielle Botanik und Funktionelle Biodiversität
Universität Leipzig
Johannisallee 21
04103 Leipzig

Curriculum Vitae

  • Since May 2013: Managing Director, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv), Leipzig, Germany
  • Since October 2009: head of department "Special Botany and Functional Biodiversity“, University of Leipzig, Germany
  • November 2005-October 2010: head of Max-Planck Research Group‚ Organismic Biogeochemistry‘ at  Max-Planck-Institute for Biogeochemistry, Jena, Germany
  • May-October 2005: Senior scientist at Max-Planck-Institute for Biogeochemistry, Jena, Germany
  • June-September 2004: Post-doctoral fellow at the Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Fairbanks, Alaska, within the group of Prof. F. Stuart Chapin
  • August/September 2003: Post-doctoral fellow at Sukachev Institute, Russian Academie of Science, Krasnoyarsk, Russia, within the group of Prof. Evgenij Vaganov
  • February 2003- February 2005: Post-doctoral fellow in lab of Prof. Stephen W. Pacala, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at Princeton University, USA (DFG Stipend)
  • 2000-2003: Postdoctoral fellow at Max-Planck-Institute for Biogeochemistry within BMBF-Project: "Carbon accounting of Thuringian`s forests - A German case study on implementing the Kyoto protocol"
  • 1998-2000: PhD stipend at Max-Planck-Institute for Biogeochemistry, Jena, Germany
  • Winter 1997/98: Research scientist at University of Bayreuth, Germany

Complete CV as pdf


Research Interests

  • Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning
  • Functional diversity of trees and forests
  • Linking population biology and biogeochemistry
  • Disturbance ecology
  • Decomposition dynamics
  • Old-growth forests
  • Allometry and allocation
  • ‘Diversification’ of earth system models

Projects (Principal Investigator)

Editorial Board


Reviewer for Journals


  • Global Change Biology
  • Canadian Journal of Forest Research
  • Tree Physiology
  • Ecological Applications (ad hoc subject editor)


  • Nature
  • PNAS
  • Ecology Letters
  • Ecology
  • Journal of Ecology
  • Plant, Cell and Environment
  • Functional Ecology
  • Agricultural and Forest Meteorology
  • Global Biogeochemical Cycles
  • Journal of Tropical Forest Science
  • Journal of Tropical Ecology
  • Natural Hazards
  • Plant and Soil
  • Acta Oecologia
  • Forestry
  • European Journal of Forest Research
  • Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change
  • Trees - Structure and Function
  • Journal of Vegetation Science
  • Biogeosciences Discussions
  • Biology Letters (Roy. Soc.)
  • Oikos

Reviewer for projects

  • Member of DFG Review Board "Plant Science"
  • German Science Foundation (DFG)
  • National Enviromental Research Council (NSF)
  • Swiss National Science Foundation (SNF)



  • 102 ISI-listet articles, h*-Index (WOS/Google Scholar) = 32/42, Citations = 4542/7696 (as of December 2016)
  • Editor of a book entitled “Function and Value of Old-Growth Forests”; Ecological Studies (Springer), 2009
  • First author of a report for the Ministry of Education and Research (302 pages)


In Review

Chen H, Oram N, Barry K, Mommer L, van Ruijven J, de Kroon H, Ebeling A, Eisenhauer N, Fischer C, Gleixner G, Gessler A, González Macé O, Hacker N, Hildebrandt A, Lange M, Scherer-Lorenzen M, Scheu S, Oelmann Y, Wagg C, Wilcke W, Wirth C, Weigelt A: Root chemistry and soil fauna but not soil abiotic conditions explain the effects of plant diversity on root decomposition. Oecologia, submitted.

Ohse B, Seele C, Holzwarth F, Wirth C: Different facets of tree sapling diversity influence browsing intensity by roe deer dependent on spatial scale. Journal of Ecology, submitted.

Pfaff CT, Nadrowski K, Ratcliffe S, Wirth C, Bruelheide H: Readable workflows need simple data. F1000Research, Online Article

Pietsch K, Eichenberg D, Nadrowski K, Yu M, Wipfler B, Bauhus J, Wirth C: Decomposer diversity but not tree species diversity affects dead wood decomposition in a landscape-level experiment in a near-natural subtropical forest. Journal of Ecology, submitted.

Purahong P, Pietsch K, Lentendu G, Schöps R, Bruelheide H, Wirth C, Buscot F, Wubet T: Characterization of unexplored deadwood mycobiome in highly diverse subtropical forests. Microbiome, submitted.

Schuldt A, Bruelheide H, Assmann T, Buscot F, Erfmeier A, Klein AM, Ma K, Scholten T, Staab M, Wirth C, Zhang J, Wubet T: Multitrophic community composition predicts biotic interactions. PNAS, submitted.

Seiferling I, Proulx R, Liebergesell M, Wirth C: Significance of Tree Diversity for the Community Phenology of European Forests. PNAS, submitted.

In Press

Eichenberg D, Pietsch K, Meister C, Ding W, Yu M, Wirth C: The effect of microclimate on wood decay is indirectly altered by tree species diversity in a litterbag study. Journal of Plant Ecology, accepted.

Leimer S, Oelmann Y, Eisenhauer N, Milcu A, Roscher C, Scheu S, Weigelt A, Wirth C, Wilcke W: Mechanisms behind plant diversity effects on inorganic and organic N leaching from temperate grassland. Biogeochemistry, accepted.

Musavi T, Migliavacca M, Reichstein M, Kattge J, Wirth C, Black A, Janssens I, Knohl A, Loustau D, Roupsard O, Varlagin A, Rambal S, Cescatti A, Gianelle D, Kondo H, Tamrakar R, Mahecha M: Stand age and species richness dampen interannual variation of ecosystem level photosynthetic capacity. Nature Ecology & Evolution, accepted.


Eichenberg D, Pietsch K, Meister C, Ding W, Yu M, Wirth C: The effect of microclimate on wood decay is indirectly altered by tree species diversity in a litterbag study. Journal of Plant Ecology,10(1): 170-178, Online Article

Musavi T, Migliavacca M, Reichstein M, Kattge J, Wirth C, Black A, Janssens I, Knohl A, Loustau D, Roupsard O, Varlagin A, Rambal S, Cescatti A, Gianelle D, Kondo H, Tamrakar R, Mahecha M (2017) Stand age and species richness dampen interannual variation of ecosystem level photosynthetic capacity. Nature Ecology & Evolution, 0048, Online Article


Annighöfer P, Ameztegui A, Ammer C, Balandier P, Bartsch N, Bolte A, Coll L, Collet C, Ewald J, Frischbier N, Gebereyesus T, Haase J, Hamm T, Hirschfelder B, Huth F, Kändler G, Kahl A, Kawaletz H, Kuehne C, Lacointe A, Lin N, Löf M, Malagoli P, Marquier A, Müller S, Promberger S, Provendier D, Röhle H, Sathornkich J, Schall P, Scherer-Lorenzen M, Schröder J, Seele C, Weidig J, Wirth C, Wolf H, Wollmerstädt J, Mund M (2016) Species-specific and generic biomass equations for seedlings and saplings of European tree species. European Journal of Forest Research, 135, 313-329. Online Article

Baber K, Otto P, Kahl T, Gossner MM, Wirth C, Gminder A, Bässler C (2016) Disentangling the effects of forest-stand type and dead-wood origin of the early successional stage on the diversity of wood-inhabiting fungi. For. Ecol. Manage. 377, 161-169. Online Article

Chen H, Mommer L, van Ruijven J, de Kroon H, Fischer C, Gessler A, Hildebrandt A, Scherer-Lorenzen M, Wirth C, Weigelt A (2016) Plant species richness negatively affects root decomposition in grasslands. Journal of Ecology, Online Article

Díaz S, Kattge J, Cornelissen, JHC, Wright IJ, Lavorel S, Dray S, Reu B, Kleyer M, Wirth C, Prentice CI, Garnier E, Bönisch G, Westoby M, Poorter H, Reich PB, Moles AT, Dickie J, Gillison AN, Zanne AE, Chave J, Wright JS, Sheremet’ev SN, Jactel H, Baraloto C, Cerabolini B, Pierce S, Shipley B, Kirkup D, Casanoves F, Joswig JS, Günther A, Falczuk V, Rüger N, Mahecha MD, Gorné LD (2016) The global spectrum of plant form and function. Nature, 529:167–171. Online Article

Garnier E, Kattge J, Laporte MA, Stahl U, Mougenot I, Kühn I, Laporte B, Amiaud B, Ahrestani F, Bönisch G, Bunker D, Cornelissen H, Díaz S, Enquist B, Gachet S, Jaureguiberry P, Kleyer M, Lavorel S, Maicher L, Pérez-Harguindeguy N, Poorter H, Schildhauer M, Shipley B, Violle C, Weiher E, Wirth C, Wright I, Klotz S (2016) Towards a thesaurus of plant characteristics: an ecological contribution. Journal of Ecology, Online Article

Jucker T, Caspersen J, Chave J, Antin C, Barbier N, Bongers F, Dalponte M, van Ewijk KY, Forrester DI, Haeni M, Higgins SI, Holdaway RJ, Iida Y, Lorimer C, Marshall PL, Momo S, Moncrieff GR, Ploton P, Poorter L, Rahman KA, Schlund M, Sonké B, Sterck FJ, Trugman AT, Usoltsev VA, Vanderwel MC, Waldner P, Wedeux BMM, Wirth C, Wöll H, Woods M, Xiang W, Zimmermann NE, Coomes DA (2016) Allometric equations for integrating remote sensing imagery into forest monitoring programmes. Glob Change Biol. Online Article

Kunstler G, Coomes DA, Falster D, Hui F, Kooyman RM, Laughlin DC, Poorter L, Vanderwel M, Vieilledent G, Wright SJ, Aiba M, Baraloto C, Caspersen J, Cornelissen JHC, Gourlet-Fleury S, Hanewinkel M, Herault B, Kattge J, Kurokawa H, Onoda Y, Peñuelas J, Poorter H, Uriarte M, Richardson S, Ruiz-Benito P, Sun I-F, Ståhl G, Swenson NG, Thompson J, Westerlund B, Wirth C, Zavala MA, Zeng H, Zimmerman J, Zimmermann NE, Westoby M (2016) Plant functional traits have globally consistent effects on competition. Nature, Online Article

Liebergesell M, Reu B, Freiberg M, Welk E, Stahl U, Kattge J, Penuelas J, Cornelissen HC, Wirth C (2016) Functional resilience against climate-driven extinctions - comparing the functional diversity of the European and the North American tree flora. PLoS ONE, e0148607, Online Article

Madrigal-González J, Ruiz-Benito P, Ratcliffe S, Calatayud J, Kändler G, Lehtonen A, Dahlgren J, Wirth C, Zavala MA (2016) Complementarity effects on tree growth are contingent on tree size and climatic conditions across Europe. Scientific Reports, Online Article

Magnabosco Marra D, Higuchi N, Trumbore S, Santos J, Ribeiro G, Lima A, Carneiro V, Chambers J, Negron-Juarez R, Holzwarth F, Reu B, Wirth C (2016) Predicting biomass of hyperdiverse and structurally complex central Amazonian forests – a virtual approach using extensive field data. Biogeosciences, Online Article

Musavi T, Migliavacca M, van de Weg M, Kattge J, Wohlfahrt G, van Bodegom P, Reichstein M, Bahn M, Carrara A, Domingues T, Gavazzi M, Gianelle D, Gimeno C, Granier A, Gruening C, Havránková K, Herbst M, Hrynkiw C, Kalhori A, Kaminski T, Klumpp K, Kolari P, Longdoz B, Minerbi S, Montagnani L, Moors E, Oechel W, Reich PB, Roahtyn S, Rossi A, Rotenberg E, Varlagin A, Wilkinson M, Wirth C, Mahecha M (2016) Potential and limitations of inferring ecosystem photosynthetic capacity from leaf functional traits. Ecology and Evolution, Online Article

Ohse B, Hammerbacher A, Seele C, Meldau S, Reichelt M, Ortmann S, Wirth C (2016) Salivary cues: Simulated roe deer browsing induces systemic changes in phytohormones and defense chemistry in wild-grown maple and beech saplings. Funct Ecol., Online Article

van der Plas F, Manning P, Allen E, Scherer-Lorenzen M, Verheyen K, Wirth C, Zavala MA, Hector A, Ampoorter E, Baeten L, Barbaro L, Bauhus J, Benavides R, Benneter A, Berthold F, Bonal D, Bouriaud O, Bruelheide H, Bussotti F, Carnol M, Castagneyrol B, Charbonnier Y, Coomes D, Coppi A, Bastias CC, Dawud SM, De Wandeler H, Domisch T, Finér L, Gessler A, Granier A, Grossiord C, Guyot V, Hättenschwiler S, Jactel H, Jaroszewicz B, Joly FX, Jucker T, Koricheva J, Milligan H, Müller S, Muys B, Nguyen D, Pollastrini M, Raulund-Rasmussen R, Selvi F, Stenlid J, Valladares F, Vesterdal L, Zielínski D, Fischer M (2016) ‘Jack-of-all-trades’ effects drive biodiversity-ecosystem multifunctionality relationships. Nature Communications, 7, 11109, Online Article

van der Plas F, Soliveres S, Manning P, Allan E, Scherer-Lorenzen M, Verheyen K, Wirth C, Zavala MA, Hector A, Ampoorter E, Baeten L, Barbaro L, Bauhus J, Benavides R, Benneter A, Berthold F, Bonal D, Bouriaud O, Bruelheide H, Bussotti F, Carnol M, Castagneyrol B, Charbonnier Y, Coomes D, Coppi A, Bastias CC, Dawud SM, De Wandeler H, Domisch T, Finér L, Gessler A, Granier A, Grossiord C, Guyot V, Hättenschwiler S, Jactel H, Jaroszewicz B, Joly FX, Jucker T, Koricheva J, Milligan H, Müller S, Muys B, Nguyen D, Pollastrini M, Raulund-Rasmussen R, Selvi F, Stenlid J, Valladares F, Vesterdal L, Zielínski D, Fischer M (2016) Biotic homogenization is more detrimental than local species loss for landscape-scale forest multifunctionality. PNAS, 3557–3562, Online Article

Ratcliffe S, Liebergesell M, Ruiz-Benito P, González J, Muñoz Castañeda J, Kändler G, Lehtonen A, Dahlgren J, Kattge J, Peñuelas J, Zavala MA, Wirth C (2016) Modes of functional biodiversity control on tree productivity across the European continent. Global Ecology and Biogeography, Online Article

Richter R, Reu B, Wirth C, Doktor D, Vohland M (2016) The use of airborne hyperspectral data for tree species classification in a species-rich Central European forest area. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, Online Article

Ribeiro G, Chambers J, Peterson C, Trumbore S, Magnabosco Marra D, Wirth C, Cannon J, Negrón-Juárez R, Lima A, de Paula E, Santos J, Higuchi N (2016) Mechanical vulnerability and resistance to snapping and uprooting for Central Amazon tree species. Forest Ecology and Management, 380, 1-10, Online Article

Ruiz-Benito P, Ratcliffe S, Jump AS, Gómez-Aparicio L, Madrigal-González J, Wirth C, Kändler G, Lehtonen A, Dahlgren J, Kattge J, Zavala MA (2016) Functional diversity underlies demographic responses to environmental variation in European forests. Global Ecology and Biogeography, Online Article


Atkin OK, Bloomfield KJ, Reich PB, Tjoelker MG, Asner GP, Bonal D, Bönisch G, Bradford MG, Cernusak LA, Cosio EG, Creek D, Crous KY, Domingues TF, Dukes JS, Egerton JJG, Evans JR, Farquhar GD, Fyllas NM, Gauthier PPG, Gloor E, Gimeno TE, Griffin KL, Guerrieri R, Heskel MA, Huntingford C, Ishida FY, Kattge J, Lambers H, Liddell MJ, Lloyd J, Lusk CH, Martin RE, Maksimov AP, Maximov TC, Malhi Y, Medlyn BE, Meir P, Mercado LM, Mirotchnick N, Ng D, Niinemets Ü, O'Sullivan OS, Phillips OL, Poorter L, Poot P, Prentice IC, Salinas N, Rowland LM, Ryan MG, Sitch S, Slot M, Smith NG, Turnbull MH, VanderWel MC, Valladares F, Veneklaas EJ, Weerasinghe LK, Wirth C, Wright IJ, Wythers KR, Xiang J, Xiang Sand Zaragoza-Castells J (2015) Global variability in leaf respiration in relation to climate, plant functional types and leaf traits. New Phytologist, Online Article

Bouriaud O, Teodosiu M, Kirdyanov AV, Wirth C (2015) Influence of wood density in tree-ring based annual productivity assessments and its errors in Norway spruce. Biogeosciences, Online Article

Holzwarth F, Rüger N, Wirth C (2015) Taking a closer look: disentangling effects of functional diversity on ecosystem functions with a trait-based model across hierarchy and time. Royal Society Open Science, Online Article

Kahl T, Baber K, Otto P, Wirth C, J Bauhus (2015) Drivers of CO2 Emission Rates from Dead Wood Logs of 13 Tree Species in the Initial Decomposition Phase. Forests, Online Article

Kröber W, Li Y, Härdtle W, Ma K, Schmid B, Schmidt K, Scholten T, Seidler G, von Oheimb G, Welk E, Wirth C, Bruelheide H (2015) Early subtropical forest growth is driven by community mean trait values and functional diversity rather than the abiotic environment. Ecology and Evolution, Online Article

Leimer S, Oelmann Y, Wirth C, Wilcke W (2015) Time matters for plant diversity effects on nitrate leaching from temperate grassland. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, Online Article

Manning P, de Vries FT, Tallowin JRB, Mortimer SR, Pilgrim ES, Harrison KA, Wright DG, Quirk H, Benson J, Shipley B, Cornelissen JHC, Kattge J, Bönisch G, Wirth C, Bardgett RD (2015) Simple measures of climate, soil properties and plant traits predict national scale grassland soil carbon stocks. Journal of Applied Ecology, Online Article

Musavi T, Mahecha MD, Migliavacca M, Reichstein M, van de Weg MJ, van Bodegom PM, Bahn M, Wirth C, Reich PB, Schrodt F, Kattge J (2015) The imprint of plants on ecosystem functioning: a data-driven approach. International Journal of Applied Earch Observation and Geoinformation, Online Article

Ratcliffe S, Holzwarth F, Nadrowski K, Levick S, Wirth C (2015) Tree neighbourhood matters - tree species composition drives diversity-productivity patterns in a near-natural beech forest. Forest Ecology and Management, 335, 225–234. Online Article

Schrodt F, Kattge J, Shan H, Fazayeli F, Joswig J, Banerjee A, Reichstein M, Bönisch G, Díaz S, Dickie J, Gillison A, Karpatne A, Lavorel S, Leadley P, Wirth C, Wright I, Wright S, Reich P: BHPMF – a hierarchical Bayesian approach to gap-filling and trait prediction for macroecology and functional biogeography. Global Ecology and Biogeography, Online Article

Schroeder-Georgi T, Wirth C, Nadrowski K, Meyer ST, Mommer L, Weigelt A (2015) From pots to plots: Hierarchical trait-based prediction of plant performance in a mesic grassland. Journal of Ecology, Online Article

Schuldt A, Buscot F, Staab M, Wubet T, Assmann T, Böhnke-Kammerlander M, Both S, Erfmeier A, Klein A-M, Ma K, Pietsch K, Schultze S, Wirth C, Zhang J, Zumstein P, Bruelheide H (2015) Diversity relations across trophic levels change with spatial scale in a biodiverse forest. Nature Communications, Online Article

Tautenhahn S, Jung M, Lichstein JW, Bohlman SA, Heilmeier H, Prokushkin A, Kattge J, Kahl A, Wirth C (2015) Dispersal limitation drives successional pathways in Central Siberian forests under current and intensified fire regimes. Global Change Biology, Online Article

Wilhelm C, Wirth C (2015) Physiodiversity-New tools allow physiologist to embrace biodiversity and reconstruct the evolution of 'physiologies'? Journal of Plant physiology, 172:1-3. Online Article


Böhnke M, Kröber W, Welk E, Wirth C, Bruelheide H (2014) Maintenance of constant functional diversity during secondary succession of a subtropical forest in China. Journal of Vegetation Science, 25(3): 897–911. Online Article

Bruelheide H, Nadrowski K, Assmann T, Bauhus J, Both S, Buscot F, Chen X-Y, Ding B, Durka W, Erfmeier A, Gutknecht J, Guo D, Guo L-D, Härdtle W, He J-S, Klein A-M, Kühn P, Liang Y, Liu X, Michalski S, Niklaus P, Pei K, Scherer-Lorenzen M, Scholten T, Schuldt A, Seidler G, von Oheimb G, Welk Erik, Wirth C, Wubet T, Yang X, Yu M, Zhang S, Zhou H, Fischer M, Ma Keping, Schmid, B (2014) Designing forest biodiversity experiments: general considerations illustrated by a new large experiment in subtropical China. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 5, 74-89. Online Article

Ebeling A, Pompe S, Baade J, Eisenhauer N, Hillebrand H, Proulx R, Roscher C, Schmid B, Wirth C, Weisser WW (2014) A trait-based experimental approach to understand the mechanisms underlying biodiversity ecosystem functioning relationships. Basic and Applied Ecology, 15(3): 229–240 Online Article

Kattge J, Díaz S, Wirth C (2014) Of Carrots and Sticks. Nature Geoscience, 7, 778–779. Online Article

Leimer S, Kreutziger Y, Rosenkranz S, Beßler H, Engels C, Hildebrandt A, Oelmann Y, Weisser WW, Wirth C, Wilcke W (2014) Plant diversity effects on the water balance of an experimental grassland. Ecohydrology, Online Article

Leimer S, Oelmann Y, Wirth C, Wilcke W (2014) Biodiversity effecs on nitrate concentrations in soil solution: A Bayesian model. Biogeochemistry, 118(1-3):141-157 Online Article

Marra DM, Chambers JQ, Higuchi N, Trumbore SE, Ribeiro GHPM, Santos J, Negrón-Juárez RI, Reu B, Wirth C (2014) Large-scale wind disturbances promote tree diversity in a Central Amazon forest. PLOS ONE, 9(8), e103711. Online Article

Nadrowski K, Pietsch K, Barrufol M, Both S, Bruelheide H, Gutknecht J, Heklau H, Kahl A, Kahl T, Niklaus P, Kröber W, Liu XJ, Man XX M, Mi XC, Michalski S, v Oheimb G, Purschke O, Schmid B, Teng F, Welk E, Wirth C (2014) Tree species traits but not diversity mitigate stem breakage in a subtropical forest following a rare and extreme ice storm. PLOS ONE, Online Article

Pietsch KA, Ogle K, Cornelissen JHC, Cornwell WK, Bönisch G, Craine JM, Jackson BG, Kattge J, Peltzer DA, Penuelas J, Reich RB, Wardle DA, Weedon JT, Wright IJ, Zanne AE, Wirth C (2014) Global relationship of wood and leaf litter decomposability: the role of functional traits within and across plant organs. Global Ecology and Biogeography, Online Article

Proulx R, Roca IT, DeSalas de la Cuadra F, Seiferling I, Wirth C (2014) A novel photographic approach for actively monitoring the diversity and structural complexity of grassland ecosystems. Journal of Plant Ecology, Online Article

Ravenek J, Bessler H, Engels C, Scherer-Lorenzen M, Gessler A, Gockele A, De Luca E, Ebeling A, Roscher C, Schmid B, Weisser WW, Wirth C, de Kroon H, Weigelt A, Mommer L (2014) Long-term study of root biomass in a biodiversity experiment reveals shifts in diversity effects over time. Oikos, Online Article

Ruiz-Benito P, Madrigal-Gonzalez J, Ratcliffe S, Coomes DA, Kändler G, Lehtonen A, Wirth C, Zavala MA (2014) Stand Structure and Recent Climate Change Constrain Stand Basal Area Change in European Forests: A Comparison Across Boreal, Temperate, and Mediterranean Biomes. Ecosystems, 1-16. Online Article

Seiferling I, Proulx R, Wirth C (2014) Disentangling the environmental heterogeneity - species diversity relationship along a gradient of human footprint. Ecology, Online Article

Stahl U, Reu B, Wirth C (2014) Predicting species’ range limits from functional traits for the tree flora of North America. PNAS. Online Article


Allan E, Weisser WW, Fischer M, Schulze ED, Weigelt A, Roscher C, Baade J, Barnard RL, Beßler H, Buchmann N, Buscot F, Ebeling A, Eisenhauer N, Engels C, Fergus AJF, Gleixner G, Gubsch M, Habekost M, Halle S, Klein AM, König S, Kowalski E, Kreutziger Y, Kertscher I, Kummer V, Lange M, Lauterbach D, Le Roux X, Marquard E, Migunova VD, Milcu A, Mwangi P, Niklaus P, Oelmann Y, Petermann J, Poly F, Rottstock T, Rosenkranz S, Sabais A, Scherber C, Scherer-Lorenzen M, Scheu S, Schmitz M, Schumacher J, Soussana J-F, Steinbeiss S, Temperton V, Voigt W, Wilcke W, Wirth C, Schmid B (2013) A comparison of the strength of biodiversity effects across multiple functions. Oecologia, 173(1):223-237 Online Article

Baeten L, Verheyen K, Wirth C, Bruelheide H, Bussotti F, Finér L, Jaroszewicz B, Selvi F, Valladares F, Allan E, Ampoorter E, Auge H, Avacariei D, Barbaro L, Barnoaiea I, Bastias CC, Bauhus J, Beinhoff C, Benavides R, Benneter A, Berger S, Berthold F, Boberg J, Bonal D, Brüggemann W, Carnol M, Castagneyrol B, Charbonnier Y, Chec'ko E, Coomes D, Coppi A, Dalmaris E, Danila G, Dawud SM, de Vries W, De Wandeler H, Deconchat M, Domisch T, Duduman G, Fischer M, Fotelli M, Gessler A, Gimeno TE, Granier A, Grossiord C, Guyot V, Hantsch L, Hättenschwiler S, Hector A, Hermy M, Holland V, Jactel H, Joly F-X, Jucker T, Kolb S, Koricheva J, Lexer MJ, Liebergesell M, Milligan H, Müller S, Muys B, Nguyen D, Nichiforel L, Pollastrini M, Proulx R, Rabasa S, Radoglou K, Ratcliffe S, Raulund-Rasmussen K, Seiferling I, Stenlid J, Vesterdal L, von Wilpert K, Zavala MA, Zielinski D, Scherer-Lorenzen M (2013) A novel comparative research platform designed to determine the functional significance of tree species diversity in European forests. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics, 15(5):281–291 Online Article

Grote S, Condit R, Hubbell S, Wirth C, Rüger N (2013) Response of demographic rates of tropical trees to light availability: Can position-based competition indices replace information from canopy census data? PLOS ONE, 8(12): e81787. Online Article

Holzwarth FM, Kahl A, Bauhus J, Wirth C (2013) Many ways to die – partitioning tree mortality dynamics in a near natural mixed deciduous forest. Journal of Ecology 101(1):220-230. Online Article

Jeltsch F, Blaum N, Brose U, Chipperfield JD, Clough Y, Farwig N, Geissler K, Graham CH, Volker G, Hickler T, Huth A, May F, Meyer KM, Pagel J, Reineking B, Rillig MC, Shea K, Schurr FM, Schröder B, Tielbörger K, Weiss L, Wiegand K, Wiegand T, Wirth C, Zurell D (2013) How can we bring together empiricists and modelers in functional biodiversity research? Basic and Applied Ecology 14:93-101. Online Article

Jung M, Tautenhahn S, Wirth C, Kattge J (2013) Estimating Basal Area of Spruce and Fir in Post-fire Residual Stands in Central Siberia Using Quickbird, Feature Selection, and Random Forests. Procedia Computer Science, 18:2386–2395 Online Article

Loranger J, Meyer ST, Shipley B, Kattge J, Loranger H, Roscher C, Wirth C, Weisser WW (2013) Predicting invertebrate herbivory from plant traits: polycultures show strong non-additive effects. Ecology, 94:1499–1509. Online Article

Maire V, Gross N, Hill D, Martin R, Wirth C, Wright IJ, Soussana J-F (2013) Disentangling coordination among functional traits using an individual-based model: Impact on plant performance and trait variability. PLoS ONE, 8(10) e77372, Online Article

Maire V, Soussana JF, Gross N, Bachelet B, Pagès L, Martin R, Reinhold T, Wirth C, Hill D (2013) Plasticity of plant form and function sustains productivity and dominance along environment and competition gradients. A modeling experiment with GEMINI. Ecological Modelling, 254:80-91. Online Article

Nadrowski K, Ratcliffe S, Bönisch G, Bruelheide H, Kattge J, Liu X, Maicher L, Mi X,Prilop M, Seifarth D, Welter K, Windisch S, Wirth C (2013) Harmonizing, annotating, and sharing data in biodiversity-ecosystem functioning research. Methods in Ecology and Evolution. 4(2): 201-205. Online Article

Scholtysik A, Unterseher M, Otto P, Wirth C (2013) Spatio-temporal dynamics of endophyte diversity in the canopy of European Ash (Fraxinus excelsior). Mycological Progress 12: 291-304. Online Article

Stahl U, Kattge J, Reu B, Voigt W, Ogle K, Dickie J, Wirth C (2013) Whole plant trait syndromes of North American forest trees reflect fundamental plant strategies. Ecosphere, 4(10), art128. Online Article


Brovkin V, van Bodegom PM, Kleinen T, Wirth C, Cornwell W, Cornelissen JHC, Kattge J. (2012) Plant-driven variation in decomposition rates improves projections of global litter stock distribution. Biogeosciences 9: 565-576.

Kröber W, Böhnke M, Welk E, Wirth C, Bruelheide H (2012) Leaf trait-environment relationships in a subtropical broadleaved forest in South-East China. PlosOne, 7(4), e35742

Nadrowski K, Seifarth D, Ratcliffe S, Wirth C, Maicher L (2012) Identifiers in e-Science platforms for the ecological sciences. In: Köhler T, Kahnwald N, editors. Communities in New Media: Virtual Enterprises, Research Communities & Social Media Networks. Proceedings of GeNeMe 2012. Dresden: TUDpress. pp. 259–272.

Maire V, Gross N, Wirth C, Pontes LDS, Proulx R, Börger L, Soussana J-F, Loualt F (2012) Habitat-filtering and niche differentiation jointly determine species relative abundance within grassland communities along fertility and disturbance gradients. New Phytologist. 196(2), 497-509

Rüger N, Wirth C, Wright SJ, Condit R (2012) Functional traits explain light and size response of growth rates in tropical tree species. Ecology 93: 2626-2636.

Schulze E-D, Wirth C, Mollicone D, von Lüpke N, Ziegler W, Achard F, Mund M, Prokushkin A, Sherbina S (2012) Factors promoting larch dominance in eastern Siberia: fire versus growth performance and implications for carbon dynamics. Biogeosciences 9: 1405-1421.

Soussana S-F, Maire V, Gross N, Hill D, Bachelet B, Page L, Martin R, and Wirth C: GEMINI: an individual-centered grassland ecosystem model for studying plant, community, and ecosystem responses to environmental change. Ecological Modelling. 231: 134-145.

Tautenhahn S, Fankhänel A, Heilmeier H, Jung M, Kattge J, Moffat A, Wirth C (2012) Beyond distance-invariant survival in inverse recruitment modeling: A case study in Siberian Pinus sylvestris forests. Ecological Modelling 233: 90-103.


Brukhanova M, Vaganov EA, Wirth C (2011) Influence of Climatic Factors and Reserve Assimilates on the Radial Growth and Carbon Isotope Composition in Tree Rings of Deciduous and Coniferous Species. Contemporary Problems of Ecology, 4(2):126-132. Online Article

Kattge, J, Diaz S, Lavorel S, Prentice C, Leadley P, Boenisch G, Garnier E, Westoby M, Reich PB, Wright IJ, Cornelissen JHC, Violle C, Harrison SP, van Bodegom PM, Reichstein M, Enquist BJ, Soudzilovskaia NA, Ackerly DD, Anand M, Atkin O, Bahn M, Baker TR, Baldocchi D, Bekker R, Blanco CC, Blonder B, Bond WJ, Bradstock R, Bunker DE, Casanoves F, Cavender-Bares J, Chambers JQ, Chapin III FS, Chave J, Coomes D, Cornwell WK, Craine JM, Dobrin BH, Duarte L, Durka W, Elser J, Esser G, Estiarte M, Fagan WF, Fang J, Fernandez-Mendez F, Fidelis A, Finegan B, Flores O, Ford H, Frank D, Freschet GT, Fyllas NM, Gallagher RV, Green WA, Gutierrez AG, Hickler T, Higgins SI, Hodgson JG, Jalili A, Jansen S, Joly CA, Kerkhoff AJ, Kirkup D, Kitajima K, Kleyer M, Klotz S, Knops JMH, Kramer K, Kuehn I, Kurokawa H, Laughlin D, Lee TD, Leishman M, Lens F, Lenz T, Lewis SL, Lloyd J, Llusia J, Louault F, Ma S, Mahecha MD, Manning P, Massad T, Medlyn BE, Messier J, Moles AT, Mueller SC, Nadrowski K, Naeem S, Niinemets U, Noellert S, Nueske A, Ogaya R, Oleksyn J, Onipchenko VG, Onoda Y, Ordonez J, Overbeck G, Ozinga WA, Patino S, Paula S, Pausas JG, Penuelas J, Phillips OL, Pillar V, Poorter H, Poorter L, Poschlod P, Prinzing A, Proulx R, Rammig A, Reinsch S, Reu B, Sack L, Salgado-Negre B, Sardans J, Shiodera S, Shipley B, Siefert A, Sosinski E, Soussana JF, Swaine E, Swenson N, Thompson K, Thornton P, Waldram M, Weiher E, White M, White S, Wright SJ, Yguel B, Zaehle S, Zanne AE and C Wirth (2011) TRY - a global database of plant traits. Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935. Online Article

Hudiburg TW, Law BE, Wirth C, Luyssaert S (2011) Regional carbon dioxide implications of forest bioenergy production. Nature Climate Change, 1264:1–5. Online Article


Bruelheide H, Böhnke M, Both S, Fang T, Assmann T, Baruffol M, Bauhus J, Buscot F, Chen X-Y, Ding B.-Y., Durka W., Erfmeier A., Fischer M, Geißler C, Guo D, Guo L-D, Härdtle W, He, J-S, Hector, A, Kröber, W, Kühn, P, Lang, AC, Nadrowski K, Pei KQ, Scherer-
Lorenzen M, Shi XZ, Scholten T, Schuldt A, Trogisch S, von Oheimb G, Welk E, Wirth C, Wu, Y-T, Yang XF, Yu MJ, Zeng XQ,
Zhang SR, Zhou HZ, Ma KP & Schmid B (2010) Community assembly during secondary forest succession in a Chinese subtropical forest. Ecological Monographs, Online Article

Nadrowski K, Wirth C, Scherer-Lorenzen M (2010) Is forest diversity driving ecosystem function and service? Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 2:1-5. Online Article

Mund M, Kutsch W, Wirth C, Kahl T, Knohl A, Skomarkova MV, Schulze E-D (2010) The influence of climate and fructification on the inter-annual variability of stem growth and net primary productivity in an old-growth, mixed-deciduous forest. Tree Physiology, Online Article

Proulx R, Wirth C, Voigt W, Weigelt A, Roscher C, Attinger S, Baade J, Barnard R, Buchmann N, Buscot R, Eisenhauer N, Fischer M, Gleixner G, Halle S, Hildebrandt A, Kowalski E, Kuu Annely, Lange M, Milcu A, Niklaus PA, Oelmann Y, Rosenkranz S, Sabais A, Scherber C, Scherer-Lorenzen M, Scheu S, Schulze E-D, Schumacher J, Schwichtenberg G, Soussana J-F, Temperton VM, Weisser WW, Wilcke W, Schmid B (2010) Diversity Promotes Temporal Stability across Levels of Ecosystem Organization in Experimental Grasslands. PLoS 5(10): e13382, Online Article

Kattge J, Ogle K, Boenisch G, Diaz S, Lavorel S, Madin J, Nadrowski N, Nöllert S, Sartor K, Wirth C (2010) A generic structure for plant trait databases. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, Online Article


Kahl T, Wirth C, Mund M, Bönisch G, Schulze E-D (2009) Using drill resistance to quantify the density in coarse woody debris of Norway spruce. European Journal of Forest Research, Online Article

Wirth C, Gleixner G, Heimann M (2009): Old-growth forest: Function, fate and value: An overview In Wirth C, Gleixner G, Heimann M (eds.) Old-growth forests: Function, fate and value. Ecological Studies, Vol. 207, Springer New York, Berlin, Heidelberg

Wirth C (2009): Old-growth forest: Function, fate and value: A synthesis In Wirth C, Gleixner G, Heimann M (eds.) Old-growth forests: Function, fate and value. Ecological Studies, Vol. 207, Springer New York, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Wirth C, Messier C, Bergeron Y, Frank D, Fankhänel A (2009): Old-growth forest definitions: a pragmatic view. In Wirth C, Gleixner G, Heimann M (eds.) Old-growth forests: Function, fate and value. Ecological Studies, Vol. 207, Springer New York, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Wirth C, Lichstein JW (2009): The imprint of succession on old-growth forest carbon balances insights from a trait-based model of forest dynamics. In Wirth C, Gleixner G, Heimann M (eds.) Old-growth forests: Function, fate and value. Ecological Studies, Vol. 207, Springer New York, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Lichstein JW, Wirth C, Horn HS, Pacala SW (2009): Biomass chronosequences of U.S. forests: implications for carbon storage and forest management. In Wirth C, Gleixner G, Heimann M (eds.) Old-growth forests: Function, fate and value. Ecological Studies, Vol. 207, Springer New York, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Knohl A, Schulze E-D, Wirth C (2009): Biosphere-atmosphere exchange of old-growth forests: processes and pattern. In Wirth C, Gleixner G, Heimann M (eds.) Old-growth forests: Function, fate and value. Ecological Studies, Vol. 207, Springer New York, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Schweingruber FH, Wirth C (2009): Old trees and the meaning of "old". In Wirth C, Gleixner G, Heimann M (eds.) Old-growth forests: Function, fate and value. Ecological Studies, Vol. 207, Springer New York, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Kutsch WL, Wirth C, Kattge J, Noellert S, Herbst M, Kappen L (2009): Ecophysiological characteristics of large, mature trees and consequences for old-growth functioning. In Wirth C, Gleixner G, Heimann M (eds.) Old-growth forests: Function, fate and value. Ecological Studies, Vol. 207, Springer New York, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Frank D, Finckh M, Wirth C (2009): Impacts of land use on habitat function of old-growth forests and its biodiversity. In Wirth C, Gleixner G, Heimann M (eds.) Old-growth forests: Function, fate and value. Ecological Studies, Vol. 207, Springer New York, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Gleixner G, Tefs C, Nueske A, Jordan A, Hammer M, Telz A, Schmidt UE,Glatzel S, Wirth C (2009): Soil Carbon Accumulation in Old-Growth Forests. In Wirth C, Gleixner G, Heimann M (eds.) Old-growth forests: Function, fate and value. Ecological Studies, Vol. 207, Springer New York, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Shevliakova, E, Pacala SW, Malyshev S, Hurtt GC, Milly PCD, Caspersen JP, Sentman LT, Fisk JP, Wirth C, Crevoisier C: Carbon cycling under 300 years of land-use change: the importance of the secondary vegetation sink. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, Online Article

Cornwell WK, Cornelissen HC, Allison S, Eggleton P, Preston C, Scarff F, Weedon JT, Wirth C, Zanne AE: Plant traits and wood fates across the globe — rotted, burned, or consumed? Global Change Biology, Online Article

Kattge J, Knorr W, Raddatz T, Wirth C: Quantifying photosynthetic capacity and nitrogen use efficiency for earth system models. Global Change Biology 15(4):976-991

Weedon JT, Cornwell WK, Cornelissen HC, Zanne Y, Wirth C, Coomes D (2009): Global meta-analysis of wood decomposition rates: A role for trait variation among tree species? Ecology Letters 12:45-56


Soussana J-F, Maire V, Gross N, Reinhold T, Dähring H, Pontes LS, Picon-Cochard, Fontaine S, Pages L, and Wirth C (2008): Modeling the functioning of complex grassland mixtures - First results of the DISCOVER project (in French). Fourrages 195:259-274

Hartmann H, Wirth C, Messier C, Berninger F (2008): Effects of above- and below-ground partial harvest disturbance on residual sugar maple growth and water stress. Tree Physiology 28:1851-1862

Wirth C, Lichstein JW, Dushoff J, Chen A, Chapin III FS (2008): White spruce forms sapling banks in black spruce habitat: Dispersal, establishment and growth across burned vegetation boundaries in a warming climate. Ecological Monographs 78(4):489-505 (currently listed among the top 4 in Ecological Monographs)

Tautenhahn S, Heilmeier H, Götzberger L, Klotz S, Wirth C, Kühn I: On the biogeography of seed mass in Germany Distribution patterns and environmental correlates. Ecography 31:457-468

Wutzler T, Wirth C, Schumacher J (2008) Generic biomass functions for Common beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) in Central Europe predictions and components of uncertainty. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 38: 1661-1675


Balshi MS, McGuire AD, Zhuang Q, Melillo J, Kicklighter DW, Kasischke E, Wirth C, Flannigan M, Harden J, Clein JS, Burnside TJ, McAllister J, Kurz W, Apps M, and Shvidenko A (2007): The role of historical fire disturbance in the carbon dynamics of the pan-boreal region: A process-based analysis. Journal of Geophysical Research 112(G2) G02029

Crevoiser C, Shevliakova E, Gloor E, Wirth C, Pacala S: Drivers of fire in the boreal forests: Data constrained design of a prognostic model of burned area for use in dynamic global vegetation models. Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres,112(D24) D24112, Online Article


McGuire A, Chapin II FS, Walsh J and Wirth C: Integrated regional changes in high-latitude climate feedbacks: Implications for the global climate system. Annual Review of Environment and Resources 31:61-91

McGuire DA, Chapin III FS, Wirth C, Apps M, Bhatti J, Callaghan T, Christensen TR, Clein JS, Fukuda M, Maximov T, Onuchin A, Shvidenko A and Vaganov E: Responses of high latitude ecosystems to global change: Potential consequences for the climate system. Chapter in Terrestrial Ecosystems in a Changing World, pp. 297-310. The IGBP Series, Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg.

Chapin III FS, Woodwell GM, Randerson JT, Lovett GM, Rastetter EB, Baldocchi DD, Clark DA, Harmon ME, Schimel DS, Valentini R, Wirth C, (plus 18 additional authors): Reconciling carbon cycle concepts, terminology, and methodology. Ecosystems 9:1041-1051


Schulze E-D, Wirth C, Mollicone D, Ziegler W (2005): Succession after stand replacing disturbances by fire, windthrow and insects in the dark Taiga of Central Siberia. Oecologia 146: 77-88.

Vetter M, Wirth C, Böttcher H, Churkina G, Schulze E-D, Wutzler T, Weber G (2005): Partitioning direct and indirect human-induced effects on carbon sequestration of managed coniferous forests using model simulations and forest inventories. Global Change Biology 11: 810-827. *Carbo-Europe paper of the year 2005 *

Czimczik C, Mund M, Schulze E-D and Wirth C: Effects of reforestation, deforestation and afforestation on carbon storage in soils. In: The Carbon Balance of Forest Biomes (eds. Griffiths H. & Jarvis PG). Garland Science/Bios Scientific Publishers, London pp. 319-330.

Ciais P, Janssens I, Shvidenko A, Wirth C, Mahli Y, Grace J, Schulze E-D and Heimann M: The potential for rising CO2 to account for the observed uptake of carbon by tropical, temperate and boreal forest biomes. In: The Carbon Balance of Forest Biomes (eds. Griffiths H. & Jarvis PG). Garland/Science Bios Scientific Publishes, London, pp. 109-150


Wirth C, Schumacher J, Schulze E-D (2004): Generic biomass functions for Norway spruce in central Europe - a meta-analysis approach towards prediction and uncertainty estimation. Tree Physiology 24:121-139.

Joosten R, Schumacher J, Wirth C and Schulte A (2004): Evaluating tree carbon predictions of beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) in western Germany. Forest Ecology and Management 189(1-3): 87-96.

Schulze B, Wirth C (corresponding author), Linke P, Brand W, Kuhlmann I, Horna de Zimmermann V, and Schulze E-D (2004): Laser Ablation-Combustion-GC-IRMS - A new method for online analysis of intra-annual variation in 13C in tree rings. Tree Physiology 24: 1193-1201.

Slot M, Wirth C, Schumacher J, Mohren GMJ, Shibistova O, Lloyd J, Ensminger I (2004): Regeneration patterns in boreal Scots pine glades linked to temperature and high-light photoinhibition. Tree Physiology 25(9): 1139-1150.

Wirth C (2004): Fire regime and tree diversity in boreal and high elevation forests: Implications for biogeochemical cycles. In: The ecological significance of forest diversity (eds. M. Scherer-Lorenzen, Ch. Körner and E.-D. Schulze). Ecological Studies 176. Springer New York, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 309-344.


Wirth C, Schulze E-D, Schwalbe G, Tomczyk S, Weber G, and Weller E (2003): Dynamik der Kohlenstoffvorräte in den Wäldern Thüringens. Berichte der Thüringer Landesanstalt für Wald, Jagd und Fischerei, Gotha, 302 pp.

IPCC: Good practice guidance for Land-Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry (NGGIP-LULUCF task 1) - contributing author in chapter 5 (Rypdal et al.: Cross-cutting issues).


Wirth C, Schulze E-D, Lühker B, Grigoriev S, Siry M, Hardes G, Ziegler W, Backor M, Bauer G and Vygodskaya NN (2002): Fire and site type effects on the long-term carbon balance in pristine Siberian Scots Pine forests. Plant and Soil 242: 41-63

McGuire A D, Wirth C, Apps M, Beringer J, Clein J, Epstein H, Kicklighter D W, Bhatti J, Chapin III F S, de Groot B, Efremov D, Eugster W, Fukuda M, Gower T, Hinzman L, Huntley B, Jia G J, Kasischke E, Melillo J, Romanovsky V, Shvidenko A, Vaganov E and Walker D (2002): Environmental Variation, Vegetation Distribution, Carbon Dynamics and Water/Energy Exchanges. Journal of Vegetation Science 13.3: 301-314

Wirth C, Schulze E-D, Kusznetova V, Milyukova I, Hardes G, Siry M, Schulze B, and Vygodskaya N N (2002): Comparing the influence of site quality, stand age, fire and climate on above-ground production in Siberian Scots pine forests. Tree Physiology 22: 537-552

Wirth C, Czimczik C I and Schulze E-D (2002): Beyond annual budgets: Carbon flux at different temporal scales in fire-prone Siberian Scots pine forests. Tellus 54B (5): 611-630

Mollicone D, Achard F, Marchesini L B, Federici S, Wirth C, Stefano Rosellini, Schulze E-D and Valentini R (2002): A new remote sensing based approach to determine forest fire cycle: Case study of the central Siberia Abies dominated taiga. Tellus 54B (5):688-695

Schulze E-D, Wirth C, and Heimann M (2002): Carbon fluxes in the Eurosiberian Region. Environmental Control in Biology 40(3):249-258

Schulze E-D, Vygodskaya N N , Tschebakova N, Czimczik C I, Kozlov D, Lloyd, J, Mollicone D, Myachkova E, Sidorov K, Varlagin A and Wirth C (2002): The Eurosiberian transect: An introduction to the experimental region. Tellus 54B (5):421-428

Vygodskaya NN, Schulze E-D, Tchebakova NM, Karpachevskii LO, Kozlov D, Sidorov KN, Panvyorov MI, Abrazko MI, Shaposhnikov ES, Solnzeva ON, Minaeva TY, Jeltuchin AS, Wirth C, Pugachevskii AV (2002): Climatic control of stand thinning in unmanaged spruce forests of the southern taiga in European Russia. Tellus 54B (5) 443-461

Lloyd J, Shibistova O, Zolotoukhine D, Kolle O, Arneth A, Wirth C, Styles J M, Tchebakova N M, and Schulze E.-D. (2002). Seasonal and annual variations in the photosynthetic productivity and carbon balance of a central Siberian pine forest. Tellus 54B (5):590-610


Schimel D, House J, Hibbard K, Bousquet P, Ciais P, Peylin P, Apps M, Baker D, Bondeau A, Brasswell R, Canadell J, Churkina G, Cramer W, Denning S, Field C, Friedlingstein P, Goodale C, Heimann M, Houghton R A, Melillo J, Moore III B, Murdiyarso D, Noble I, Pacala S, Prentice C, Raupach M, Rayner P, Scholes B, Steffen W and Wirth C (2001): Recent patterns and mechanisms of carbon exchange by terrestrial ecosystems. Nature 414:169-172


Zimmermann R, Schulze E-D, Wirth C, Schulze EE, McDonald KC, Vygodskaya NN and Ziegler W (2000): Canopy transpiration in a chronosequence of Central Siberian Pine forests. Global Change Biology 6:25-37

Schulze E-D, Wirth C and Heimann M (2000): Kyoto and the global carbon cycle. Science 289(5487):2058-2059

Schulze E-D, Wirth C and Heimann M (2000): Response to Science 290:1895 (Letter by JH Borden, G Marland, B Schlamadinger, R Methews (2000): Kyoto forests and a broader perspective on management. Science 290:2895


Schulze E-D, Lloyd J, Kelliher FM, Wirth C, Rebmann C, Lähker B, Mund M, Knohl A, Milyukova I, Schulze W, Ziegler W, Varlagin A, Valentini R, Dore S, Grigoriev S, Kolle O and Vygodskaya NN (1999): Productivity of forests in the Eurosiberian boreal region and their potential to act as a carbon sink - A synthesis. Global Change Biology 5(6):703-722

Wirth C, Schulze E-D, Schulze W, von Stünzner-Karbe D, Ziegler W, Miljukowa I, Sogatchev A, Varlagin AB, Panvyorov M, Grigoriev S, Kusnetzova W, Siry M, Hardes G, Zimmermann R and Vygodskaya NN (1999): Above-ground biomass in pristine Siberian Scots pine forests as controlled by competition and fire. Oecologia 121:66-80

Kelliher FM, Lloyd J, Baldocchi DD, Rebmann C, Wirth C and Schulze E-D (1999): Evaporation in the boreal zone during summer - physics and vegetation. In: Schulze E-D, Heimann M, Harrison S, Holland E, Lloyd J, Prentice C, Schimel D (2001): Global biogeochemical cycles in the climate system. Academic press, San Diego, 151-165

Nicht peer-reviewed

Wirth C (1994): Das Kienmoor – Ein schützenswertes Niedermoor am Nordrand von Barnstorf. Zwischen Hunte und Weser (FA 5 Naturschutz, Landschaftspflege und Umweltfragen), Mitteilungsblatt des Kreisheimatbundes Diepholz e. V., Mai 1994: 26-30.

Wirth C (1998): Productivity and carbon sink capacity of Russian boreal forests. Proceedings of the International Workshop: Ecological and economic problems in the boreal woodlands of Russia, July 2-6 1998, Dresden, 67-71.

Wirth C (2000): The impact of fire on the carbon dynamics in Siberian Scots pine forests. Interactions of biogeochemistry and population ecology. Ph. D. Thesis, University of Bayreuth, 266 pp.

Wirth C, Schulze E-D, Schwalbe G, Tomczyk S, Weber G, Weller E (2003): Dynamik der Kohlenstoffvorräte in den Wäldern Thüringens. Berichte der Thüringer Landesanstalt für Wald, Jagd und Fischerei, Gotha, 302 pp.

Don A, Wirth C, Beck C (2009): Diversity as a survival advantage. Wissen aus erster Hand - Max-Planck Journal.

last modified: 04.04.2017